� Character Error in WordPress

Different (special) characters showing on all pages and posts even navigation. Lately i have noticed some character showing in my WordPress website design blog. These characters are appearing when the ” , ‘ and space character is used

I have installed some plugins in the hope of speeding up the website. But to my dismay it has not worked and left all these little guys(basically everywhere).

After reading up on solutions i realised that the plugin has changed my wp-config page see below for a sample
In my wp-config there was characters at the start of every line an upside down question mark ¿
This was then translated to � on the front end or my live website.

 
¿// ** MySQL settings - You can get this info from your web host ** //

¿/** The name of the database for WordPress */
¿define('DB_NAME', 'database_name_here');

¿/** MySQL database username */
¿define('DB_USER', 'username_here');

¿/** MySQL database password */
¿define('DB_PASSWORD', 'password_here');

Upon reading further i realised it was a character miscoding error.
How to fix character miscoding errors.

Fixing the Character Encoding Mismatch Problem in WordPress

Step 1) Open the ‘wp-config.php’ file in a text editor such as textwrangler or BBEdit even notepad (the wp-config.php file can be found on the directory where you installed WordPress).

Where to locate the wp-config file with wordpress

Step 2) Find the following two lines and comment them out:

define('DB_CHARSET', 'utf8');
define('DB_COLLATE', '');

They should look like the following after you comment them out:

//define('DB_CHARSET', 'utf8');
//define('DB_COLLATE', '');

Step 3) Now upload the updated ‘wp-config.php’ file to your web server.

Write, Edit and Publish Content WordPress

Working with WordPress pages or posts.

How to Write, Add a New Posts and use posts Features

Writing a post or adding content in a WordPress Website can be as easy or as hard as you make it. Their is way around the large learning curve it involves, having said that you have to be prepared to learn and learn from mistakes, many website owners are sick of relying on website designers to upload their content, make small grammatical alterations, spellings corrections and of course dated content with maybe years old, with speed regulations change, that’s not good enough to base your business on.

This would usually involve a phone call or email to the designer, a wait and they they might or might not agree to the changes proposed changes, after this the website owner usually puts up with the changes. Trying to avoiding conflict with the webmaster.

 

Then, they hear about this great software that allows them to login to the back-end and make the changes straight away, and they feel they are able and get their static old Website converted to WordPress.

The beginner finds the interface a bit overwhelming. We will show users the necessary features in order to add new posts so that you can use the features available. It truly is a complex as you want it to be.

 

Our WordPress Posts and Pages layout starts with the Content Editor and a Title and content area.

Title and Content Editor are the most noticeable areas on the Add New Post Editor.

Yours might look slightly different depending on whether you are using the visual or the text editor.

You can switch between visual and text editor while writing a post, but we do not recommend switching as this could mess up your post’s format.

Visual Editor is the beginners text editor with buttons and a visual layout for content area. On the other hand, text editor is a plain text editor where you can actually see the HTML or write your own code.

The first text area on the top is where you add the post’s title. If you are using SEO Friendly URL structure, then WordPress will auto generate post URL based on the title. You can edit the URL by clicking on the edit button. The Post URL or Slug marked above.

The content area is where you will write your post. Use the formatting buttons from the toolbar or use one of the many keyboard shortcuts available which will speed up your writing process. We have use the B for Bold formatting option above.

In the bottom left area of the content editor, WordPress will show you the word count for your post.

One of the beauties of WordPress is as you write the post, it automatically save a draft of the post. This auto-save is stored in your WordPress database temporarily and the date and time is on the bottom right of the screenshot above.

As soon as you save your draft or write more content, WordPress cleans up your autosaved draft and replaces it with the newer up to date one. This process ensures that you do not lose your content due to internet connection or any other failures.

The post editor shows your current draft and autosave status in the bottom next to word count.

Adding Images and Media

Between the title and content fields, there is a large Add Media button. Click on it when you want to upload an image or any other media to your WordPress post. This will launch the media uploader window.

Clicking on the select file button to upload images or any other media to your WordPress site. You can also create galleries and video and audio playlists from uploaded files.

Tip: You can Drag and Drop media files.  Select more than 1 image to create galleries within your post. 

WordPress also comes with some basic image editing tools. You can to edit, flip vertically horizontally, rotate, and crop images in WordPress.

When Publishing a Post Your Options

WordPress post editor is divided into two columns. The column on your left contains the post title and content editor. On your right hand side, you have different meta boxes to configure post options.

The top most meta box in this column is labeled Publish. This is where all the publishing options for your posts are managed.

Save Draft button stores a draft of the post or page that you are working on. WordPress also auto-saves your posts as you write them, its better to save as draft for peace of mind.

Preview button shows a live preview of your post. You can use it to see how your post will look after publishing.

Status allows you to set a status for your post. WordPress automatically handles post status for drafts and published posts. Unless you are using a plugin to add custom statuses, you don’t need to worry about this option.

Click on the Edit link next to visibility to expand it. The first option under visibility will allow you to make your post sticky on front-page. Sticky posts in WordPress are like featured content that are displayed on top of all other posts.

The third option under visibility is labeled private. This allows you to privately publish a post on your WordPress site. The private posts will be visible to users who have the editing privileges on your site.

Click on the edit link next to Publish, and WordPress will display the time and date options. You can use this option to schedule posts or create back dated post in WordPress.

Move to trash allows you to delete a WordPress post. Deleted posts live under trash, and you can restore them if you need to for up to 30 days.

Finally, the publish button makes your WordPress post public, if your site is live your content is now too.

Adding Categories and Tags

You can sort your posts into categories and tags. The categories and tags meta boxes usually appear in the right hand column, below the publish button. Or click posts on the left hand side to reveal the posts drop down which includes categories and tags.

 

Categories and tags help you organize your content in a meaningful and browsable format. Not only your users can easily find your content, it also boosts your site’s SEO. See our guide on the difference between categories and tags and how to use them to sort your content.

Featured Image (Post Thumbnails)

WordPress themes support featured images or post thumbnails for it’s articles. Usually it is one of the last boxes on the right hand column on the post edit screen.

Click on this to set featured image link, and it will bring up the media Library or you can upload your media. You can select an image from a your previous uploads or upload a new image from your computer.

Pinguis Website Design are Experts in converting old dated, static websites to WordPress.

 

Below Options are for the more comfortable User

Screen Options dropdown next to help on the Top Right.

Some of the options on the post edit screen are hidden by default in order to keep wordpress cleaner and simpler for editing. These options are not commonly used by beginners. However, you may need them later, after editing your post.

Click on the Screen Options button on the top right corner of the page. This will show a menu with check boxes next to option names.

Some of the options will already be checked. You can display them by clicking on the checkbox next to an option name, and it will appear on your post edit page. Tip: check a box and find out down the page what it does.

Excerpts

Checking this box adds a meta box below your content editor. You can use this box to add a short summary or excerpt for your post.

WordPress post editing screen Excerpt box

Ideally, you should display summary or excerpt for your posts on your site’s front-page and archives. Full content should only be displayed on the post’s single page.

Send Trackbacks

Send Trackbacks option allows you to notify other blog owners that you have linked to their content.

If another blog owner is running WordPress, then you don’t need to send them trackbacks. Your WordPress site will automatically send them a ping when you publish the post. Which notifys the administration of the post.

Custom Fields

This option will display a user interface for custom fields below your post editor. You can use it to manually enter custom information in your posts.

Discussion

While comments are a great way to engage your audience, sometimes you may not want to have comments on a specific post or a page.

The discussion option displays a meta box below post editor to turn on/off comments and pingbacks for your post.

Since pages are static, most users want to turn off comments on them. You can do so by editing each page.

Once your WordPress site gets some reputation, you will start getting an increase of comment and email spam.

Turn off comments – unless you like spammers telling you what valuable content you have and how they would like to become a guest author on your website.

or email spam where they cant be bothered writing, so they post this

Hello,
How are you? Hope you are fine. I have been checking your website quite often ……

I generally turn all comments off across my blog with a plugin called disable comments

Slug

A slug is a clean title that can be used in URLs.

http://pinguisweb.com/how-to-write-post-edit-and-publish-content-wordpress/

WordPress automatically generates a post slug and displays it as the post URL directly below the post title. You can edit this slug by clicking on the edit link below the post title.

You can also enable the slug option from the Screen Options and edit your post slug at the bottom of the window by scrolling to the very bottom.

Options on the Yoast WordPress SEO Plugin

We have explained the default WordPress post edit settings. Many WordPress plugins will also add their own settings panels on the post edit screen.

Yoast WordPress SEO plugin adds its own settings panel. With a snippet of Search results preosented for you to edit. These are search engine snippets and the main reason people will view your pages after searching and clicking the results with yahoo, google or bing.

SEO Plugin WordPress

 
 
WordPress is a great Content Managment System, second to none with ease of use and flexibility. You have to play with it, learn from mistakes and not to be afraid to make more.

Pinguis Web converting dated, old static websites to WordPress.

htaccess index.html added by Plugin wordpress

This works for any wordpress directory.

If you have a WordPress website and have noticed that some thing has added index.html or a plugin has added it.

Example would be http://pinguisweb.com/about/index.html.

The code below will redirect to http://pinguisweb.com/about/ and drop index.html

try adding

RewriteEngine On
RewriteBase /
RewriteRule ^index\.php$ - [L]
RewriteRule ^index\.html$ / [R=301,L]
RewriteRule ^(.*)/index\.html$ /$1/ [R=301,L]

to your .htaccess file

How to redirect subdirectory to url with htaccess file

 

This will redirect all references to Car-Sales directory to 
the car-sales file. 

RedirectMatch 301 ^/Car-Sales/.*$ http://pinguisweb.com/car-sales/

Improve Page Speed

Some tips on how to Improve Page Speed.

Use one of the below suggestions to improve your website speed.

CSS Optimization Test

Analyze the CSS delivery of your web page (ultimately your website).

CSS Compressor

Minimize CSS scripts for page speed.

Javascript Optimization Test

Analyze the Javascript delivery of your web pages.

Javascript Compressor

Minify your JS scripts to maximize performance.

GZIP Compression Test

Test whether your web pages have Gzip compression enabled.

Image Optimization Test

Test the image delivery of your website so you can improve it.

PNG Compressor

Reduce the file size of PNG images while keeping quality.

JPEG Compressor

Play with the quality and size of JPEG images to reduce file size.

CSS Sprites Generator

Save multiple images to a single image to make fewer requests.

Caching Test

Check whether and how your website files are cached.

Broken Links/Requests Test

Test your web pages for broken links and requests.

HTTP Requests Checker

How many HTTP requests do your web pages produce?

Base64 Encoder

Encode web files into a Base64 string to reduce HTTP requests.

Keep-Alive Checker

Check whether your website has keep-alive enabled.

Line Breaks Remover

Remove line breaks from your scripts to reduce file size.

HTTP Header Checker

Check the HTTP server header of a web page.

Taking these actions while not a big influence on page speed individually, do accumulate to that faster speeds.

Debugging WordPress Errors & Issues

Guide to Debugging WordPress Errors & Issues

Save

WordPress Update Services

WordPress Update Services are tools which are used to let other people know you’ve updated your blog.

WordPress automatically updates popular Update Services when you have updated your blog by sending pings each time you create or update a post.

Listed below are Ping Services WordPress uses:

http://rpc.pingomatic.com
http://rpc.twingly.com
http://api.feedster.com/ping
http://api.moreover.com/RPC2
http://api.moreover.com/ping
http://www.blogdigger.com/RPC2
http://www.blogshares.com/rpc.php
http://www.blogsnow.com/ping
http://www.blogstreet.com/xrbin/xmlrpc.cgi
http://bulkfeeds.net/rpc
http://www.newsisfree.com/xmlrpctest.php
http://ping.blo.gs/
http://ping.feedburner.com
http://ping.syndic8.com/xmlrpc.php
http://ping.weblogalot.com/rpc.php
http://rpc.blogrolling.com/pinger/
http://rpc.technorati.com/rpc/ping
http://rpc.weblogs.com/RPC2
http://www.feedsubmitter.com
http://blo.gs/ping.php
http://www.pingerati.net
http://www.pingmyblog.com
http://geourl.org/ping
http://ipings.com
http://www.weblogalot.com/ping

Update service URL’s are listed under “Update Services” under Settings-> Writing Settings

WordPress Address None www. or with www.

WordPress Address www. or none www.

How to get www. before your domain name on your WordPress Website.

Ultimately, it doesn’t really matter which one you choose. The success of your website will not be determined by a www or non-www URL. The important thing is that whichever one you choose be accurate and consistent.

If visitors type to www.pinguisweb.com or chose to type pinguisweb.com they will still find the Number 1 “Website Design Kerry” website.

In fact when you visit www.pinguisweb.com, the www will not be displayed in the browser’s address bar.

Its assumed when you are searching the world wide web that www. is there.

As long as the domain name is identical there will be no problem with WordPress. Its written into the .htaccess file WordPress has Rewrite Rules to correct this.

To change to either on the left hand black bar go to settings and general. Basically its a matter of choice.

Just be consistent throughout.

Of course, WordPress changes everything when you go installing it in a sub domain and linking it back to you main domain.

WordPress Media Settings

WordPress Media Settings

Media Settings are controlled by the various settings related to images and other media that are used in writing posts and pages.

The image sizes listed determine the maximum dimensions in pixels to use when inserting an image into the body of a post.

  • Thumbnail size – Specify the Width and Height of your Thumbnail
    Crop thumbnail to exact dimensions (normally thumbnails are proportional)
  • Medium size – Specify the the Max Width and Max Height
  • Large size –  Specify the the Max Width and Max Height

Uploading Files

Default settings used for during the media upload process when writing a post.

  • Organize my uploads into month- and year-based folders – Check this box if you wish to organize your uploads into folders based on the year and the month of the upload. WordPress will automatically create the folders, such as wp-content/uploads/2010, these folders are well organised and easy to browse, if you need.

Save Changes Button

Click the Save Changes button to ensure your changes are saved(committed) to your database. Your settings have been saved.
Remember that some plugins require additional image sizes and will create them based on their specifications. One of the main reasons for WordPress site being bloated or taking up to much room.

WordPress Discussion Settings

How to setup WordPress Discussion Settings or Comments.

Default article settings WordPress will send out a pings to a site or article you have linked to in your post automatically.

Trackbacks allows you to communicate to another blog or blog owner using your WordPress

Pingbacks are sent automatically when you link to someone’s site or they link to you.


Other comment settings

I dont allow comments on my websites as a rule.

My settings are: Comment author must fill out name and email.

Users must be registered and logged in to comment.

set to 0 days

Email me whenever

A comment is held for moderation

Before a comment appears

Comment must be manually approved.

Comment author must have a previously approved comment

 

I hate spam so hold a comment in the queue if it contains or more links. (A common characteristic of comment spam is a large number of hyperlinks.)

Below are avatar settings

Avatar Display
Avatar Display

Maximum Rating
Maximum Rating




Default Avatar
Default Avatar

For users without a custom avatar of their own, you can either display a generic logo or a generated one based on their email address.